Silk Road Super Grid and Eco-Village will face the climate crisis challenge
The global climatic changes will become a great trial for the Silk Road countries. "By 2100 the average temperature on the planet can rise by 6°C. Even if the average temperature can be controled within 2°C (the targeted indicator set by the Paris Climate Agreement), Central Asian countries will be particularly sensitive to the negative impact of global warming. The threat of prolonged droughts, shortage of water resources, poor yields will be preserved, which in the long run will lead to more intensive migration of rural population to cities. Climate change will also affect urban infrastructure, which will subsequently affect the economy of cities", considers Rae Kwon Chung, the Global Energy Prize International Award Committee member, UN Secretary-General`s High-level Expert and Leaders Panel (HELP) on water and disasters, Adviser to the Chairman.
The expert presented his vision on the development and usage of RES in the framework of the Forum of Mayors of the Cities of the Silk Road Countries “Global Silk Road”, which was held recently in Astana (Kazakhstan). According to Rae Kwon Chung, the climatic crisis should stimulate the world leaders to develop alternative energy sources. The Silk Road Super Grid project will meet the growing demand for electricity and solve the problem of energy shortage. The ultra-high voltage transmission line (UHV Grid) is capable of transmitting energy up to a distance of 10,000 km. The Silk Road Super Grid will also level off the peak load of power plants and transmit surplus renewable energy from one region to another. In addition, the participation of the Silk Road countries in the project will strengthen the global role of the program "One belt - One Road". The initiative was proposed by China to create new trade and transport routes, as well as an economic corridor connecting the countries of Asia, Europe and Central Asia.
In addition, Rae Kwon Chung mentioned that the Silk Road countries have need of eco-cities with the international standards for sustainable architecture in operation, separate waste collection, green infrastructure, increased energy efficiency and high-level environmental comfort. Such "green" cities will provide citizens with a high standard of living without harm to the environment and will be ready for mass migration of the rural population.
Forum of Mayors of the Cities of the Silk Road Countries “Global Silk Road” is an international discussion platform that brought together leaders of cities and governments, industry experts to form a new quality of regions and cities. The forum was held this year for the first time in Astana (Kazakhstan). The main theme of the forum is the program "One Belt - One Way", which proposes the development of new regional economic partnership, stimulation of economic prosperity of the countries involved, the strengthening of cultural exchanges and relations in all areas, and the promotion of peace and sustainable development.